当前位置: 首页 > >

金属材料焊接工艺规范

发布时间:

ISO 15614-1-2004

+

EN 标准

Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials – Welding procedure test – Part 1: Arc and gas welding of steels and arc welding of nickel and nickel alloys

金属材料焊接工艺规范和鉴定 -焊接工艺试验第 1 部分:钢的电弧焊和气焊与镍及镍 合金的电弧焊

ISO 15614-1-2004

前言
ISO(国际标准化组织)是一个世界性的各国国家标准团体(ISO 成员团体)的联合组织。国际标准化的制定工 作是通过 ISO 各个技术委员会进行的,每个成员团体对某一技术委员会的项目感兴趣时,也可参加该委员 会,与 ISO 有关的政府的或非政府的国际组织也可以参加此项工作。ISO 与国际电工委员会(IEC)在电工标 准化方面有着密切的联系。 国际标准是根据 ISO/IEC 导则第 2 部分起草的。 技术委员会的主要任务是制定国际标准。经技术委员会采纳的国际标准方案,分发给所有成员团体进行投 票表决,国际标准正式出版需要至少 75%的成员团体投票赞成。 本标准中的某些内容可能涉及一些专利权问题,这一点应引起注意,ISO 不负责识别任何这样的专利权问 题。 国际标准 ISO 15614-1 是由欧洲标准化委员会(CEN)与 IS O/TC44 焊接及有关工艺技术委员会 SC10 金属焊 接领域内的统一要求分技术委员会一起按 ISO 和 CEN 之问的技术合作协议(维也纳协议)制定的。 由于 ISO 9956-3:1995 已做了技术性修订,本标准第 1 版即(ISO 15614-1)撤消并取代了 ISO 9956-3。 在本标准的整个文本内, “?本欧洲标准?”多指“?本国际标准?” 。 ISO 15614 在“金属材料焊接工艺的规范和鉴定一焊接工艺试验的总标题下由下列各部分组成” 。 第 1 部分:钢的电弧焊和气焊与镍及镍合金的电弧焊 第 2 部分:铝及铝合金的电弧焊 第 3 部分:铸铁的电弧焊 第 4 部分:铝铸件的电弧焊 第 5 部分:钛、(锆)及其合金的电弧焊 第 6 部分:铜及铜合金的电弧焊 第 7 部分:耐腐蚀复层、色复层和硬质焊复层 第 8 部分:管与管板接头的焊接 第 9 部分:水下高气压电弧湿焊 第 10 部分:水下高气压干焊 第 11 部分:电阻束和激光束焊接 第 12 部分:点焊、缝焊和凸焊 第 13 部分:电阻对焊和闪光焊 附录 ZA 标准正文内未给出的相应生效的国际标准和欧洲标准。 本国际标准 ISO 15614-1 已经取消了关于满足欧洲委员会导则和 CEN 附录。 @工 SO 2004 一保留所有权

ISO 15614-1-2004

目录
Foreword. 前言..................................................... Introduction . 引言............................................... 1 Scope . 范围........................................................... 2 Normative references . 规范性引用文件................................. 3 Terms and definitions. 术语和定义.......................................... 4 Preliminary welding procedure specification(pWPS)初步焊接工艺规范(pWPS) ............ 5 Welding procedure test焊接工艺试验........................................ 6 Test piece. 试件...................................................... 6.1 General. 概述....................................................................... 6.2 Shape and dimensions of test pieces. 试件的形状和尺寸............................................ 6.3 Welding of test pieces试件的焊接.................................................................... 7 Examination and testing . 检查和试验............................................... 7.1 Extent of testing. 试验的内容.............................................................. 7.2 Location and taking of test specimens试样的位置与截取................................................. 7.3 Non-destructive testing. 非破坏性试验................................................................ 7.4 Destructive testing. 破坏性试验..................................................................... 7.5 Acceptance levels. 验收水*....................................................................... 7.6 Re-testing重新试验.................................. 8 Range of qualification

评定范围....................................................................................

8.1 General. 概述........................................... 8.2 Related to the manufacturer有关制造厂.................................................. 8.3 Related to the parent material . 有关母材............................................................. 8.4 Common to all welding procedures焊接工艺的通则................................................................. 8.5 Specific to processes焊接工艺的特殊性............................................................................ 9 Welding procedure qualification record (WPQR) 焊接工艺评定记录(WPQR).................................... Annex A (informative) Welding Procedure Qualification Record form (WPQR) 附录A(资料性附录)焊接工

艺记录格式(WPQR).....................
Annex ZA (normative) Corresponding International and European Standards for which equivalents arenot given in the text附录ZA(规范性附录)在标准正文内未给出的等效的相应国际标准和欧洲标

准...........................
Annex ZB (informative) Clauses of this European Standard addressing essential requirements or other provisions of EU directives. 附录ZB (资料性附录)............................................................... Annex ZC (Informative) Clauses of this European Standard addressing essential requirements or other provisions of EU directives. 附录ZC(资料性附录)......................................................................

ISO 15614-1-2004

Foreword/前言

This document (EN ISO 15614-1:2004) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 121 "Welding", thesecratariat of which is held by DS, in collaboration with Technical Committee ISO/TC 44 "Welding and alliedprocesses". 本文件(EN ISO 15614-1:2004)已由CEN/TC 121焊接技术委员会(其秘书处由DS领导)与ISO/TC44焊接及有关 技术委员会共同制定 This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text orby endorsement, at the latest by December 2004, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latestby December 2004. 本欧洲标准必须具有某一国家标准的法律地位。或者通过出版等同的文本,或者最迟于2004年予以承认,届时 与此相抵触的国家标准应撤消。 This document replaces EN 288-3:1992. 本文件代替EN 288-3:1992 This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s) 本文件根据欧洲委员会和欧洲自由贸易协会(EFTA) 委托CEN制定的。 .For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative annexes ZB and ZC, which are an integral part of this document. 它与EU(欧洲标准)关系,见资料性附录ZB和ZC,资料性附录ZB和ZC是本标准的整体部分。 Annex A is informative. 附录A为资料性附录 According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, enmark,Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. 根据欧洲标准化委员会/欧洲电工标准化委员会(CEN/CENELEC)国际章程, 下列各国的标准化研究 院必须接受 此欧洲标准,澳大利亚、比利时、捷克共和国、丹麦、芬兰、法国、德国、希腊、冰岛、爱尔兰、意大利、卢 森堡、荷兰、挪威、葡萄牙、西班牙、瑞典、瑞士和英国。

ISO 15614-1-2004

Introduction/引言

All new welding procedure tests are to be carried out in accordance with this standard from the date of its issue.

自本标准出版日起,所有新的焊接工艺试验必须按本标准进行。
However, this European Standard does not invalidate previous welding procedure tests made to former nationalstandards or specifications or previous issues of this standard.

但是,本欧洲标准并不使按以前的国家标准,或规范或本标准的前一版进行的焊接工艺试验作废
Where additional tests have to be carried out to make the qualification technically equivalent, it is only necessary to do the additional tests on a test piece which should be made in accordance with this standard.

在需要进行补充试验使鉴定在技术上生效地方,只需按本标准做一个试件进行补充试验。

ISO 15614-1-2004

1 Scope/范围
This European Standard is part of a series of standards, details of this series are given in EN ISO 15607:2003, annex A.

本欧洲标准是系列标准的一部分,该系列标准的详细情况在EN ISO 15607:2003的附录A内给出。
This standard specifies how a preliminary welding procedure specification is qualified by welding procedure tests.

本标准规定了如何通过焊接工艺试验评定初步焊接工艺规程
This standard defines the conditions for the execution of welding procedure tests and the range of qualification forwelding procedures for all practical welding operations within the range of variables listed in clause 8.

本标准确定了的焊接工艺的评定范围进行焊接工艺试验的条件和所有实际焊接操作在第 8 第列出的变量范 围内。
Tests shall be carried out in accordance with this standard. Additional tests may be required by application standards.

焊接工艺试验应按本标准进行。应用标准可需要补充试验。
This standard applies to the arc and gas welding of steels in all product forms and the arc welding of nickel and nickel alloys in all product forms.

本标准适用于各种形状钢产品的电弧和气焊,以及各种形状的镍和镍合金的电弧焊
Arc and gas welding are covered by the following processes in accordance with EN ISO 4063:

根据 EN ISO 4063 标准,有关电弧焊和气焊的焊接方法如下:
111 - manual metal arc welding (metal-arc welding with covered electrode); 手工金属电弧焊(焊条金属电弧

焊)
114 - self-shielded tubular-cored arc welding; 自保护管状焊丝电弧焊 12 - submerged arc welding; 理弧焊 131 - metal inert gas welding, MIG welding; 金属惰性气体保护焊,MIG焊 135 - metal active gas welding, MAG welding; 金属活性气体保护焊,MAG焊 136 - tubular-cored metal arc welding with active gas shield; 金属芯管状焊丝活性气体电弧焊 137 - tubular-cored metal arc welding with inert gas shield; 金属芯管状焊丝惰性气体电弧焊 141 - tungsten inert gas arc welding; TIG welding; 钨极惰性气体保护焊,TIG焊 15 - plasma arc welding; 等离子电弧焊 311 - oxy-acetylene welding. 氧乙炔焊 The principles of this European Standard may be applied to other fusion welding processes.

本标准的原则可以适用其它熔化焊方法

ISO 15614-1-2004

2 Normative references/规范性引用文件
This European Standard incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text, and the publications are listed hereafter. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this European Standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of the publication referred to applies, including amendments (including amendments). 本欧洲标准通过注明日期或未注明日期的方式引用其它出版物的某些规定。 这些规定可以在文本中的相应位置引用。 引用的 出版物列于下面。对于注明日期的引用,随对这些出版物所作的更改或修订,只有当通过修改或修订的方式将其纳入本欧洲 标准时,才适用于本欧洲标准。对于未注明日期的引用,该出版物的最新版本适用于本欧洲标准。 EN 439, Welding consumables – Shielding gases for arc welding and cutting. 焊接材料一焊接和切割用保护气体 EN 571-1, Non destructive testing – Penetrant testing – Part 1: General principles. 非破坏性试验一渗透检验一第 1 部分:一般原理 EN 875, Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials - Impact tests - Test specimen location, notch orientation and examination. EN 895, 金属材料焊缝接破坏性试验一冲击试验一试样位置、缺口方位和检验。 EN 895, Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials – Transverse tensile test. EN 895, 金属材料焊接破坏性试验一横向拉仲试验。 EN 910, Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials – Bend tests. EN 910, 金属材料焊缝破坏性试验一弯曲试验 EN 970, Non-destructive examination of fusion welds - Visual examination. 熔化焊的非破坏性检查一外观检验。 EN 1011-1 Welding –Recommendations for welding of metallic materials –Part 1: General guidance for arc welding 焊接一金属材料的焊接推荐一第 1 部分:电弧焊一般指南 EN 1043-1:1995, Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials – Hardness testing – Part 1: Hardness test on arc welded joints. 金属材料的破坏性试验一硬度试验一第1部分:电弧焊接接头的硬度试验 EN 1290, Non-destructive examination of welds - Magnetic particle examination of welds. 焊缝的非破坏性检查一焊缝的磁粉探伤检验。 EN 1321, Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials - Macroscopic and microscopic examination of welds. 金属材料焊焊缝的破坏性试验一焊接的宏观检查和微观检查。 EN 1418, Welding personnel - Approval testing of welding operators for fusion welding and resistance weld setters for fully mechanized and automatic welding of metallic materials. 焊接人员一金属材料的全机械、自动熔化焊和电阻焊操作者评定试验。 EN 1435, Non destructive examination of welds – Radiographic examination of welded joints. 焊接的非破坏性检查一焊缝的射线探伤检查 EN 1714, Non destructive examination of welds – Ultrasonic examination of welded joints. 焊缝的非破坏性检查一超声波探伤检查 EN ISO 4063, Welding and allied processes – Nomenclature of processes and reference numbers (ISO 4063:1998). 焊接及有关工艺一工艺的名词术语和参考号(ISO 4063:1998) EN ISO 6947, Welds - Working positions - Definitions of angles of slope and rotation (ISO 6947:1993). 焊接一工作位置一倾斜角和转角的定义(ISO 6947:1993) prEN ISO 9606-1, Qualification testing of welders - Fusion welding - Part 1: Steels (ISO/DIS 9606-1:2000). 焊工的评定试验一熔化焊一第1部分:钢(ISO/DIS 9606-1:2000) EN ISO 9606-4, Approval testing of welders – Fusion welding – Part 4: Nickel and nickel alloys. (ISO 9606-4:1999). 焊工的评定试验一熔化焊一第 4 部分:镍及镍合金 C ISO 9606-4:1999 EN 12062, Non-destructive examination of welds - General rules for metallic materials. 焊接的非破坏性试验一金属材料通则 EN ISO 15607:2003, Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials - General rules (ISO 15607:2003). 金属材料焊接工艺的规范和鉴定一通则(ISO 15607:2003) CR ISO 15608:2000 , Welding - Guidelines for a metallic material grouping system (ISO/TR 15608:2000). 焊接一金属材料分类法指南(IS O/TR 15608:2000) prEN ISO 15609-1, Specification and approval of welding procedures for metallic materials – Welding procedure specification – Part 1: Arc welding (ISO/DIS 15609-1:2000). 金属材料焊接工艺规范和验收一焊接工艺规范一第 1 部分:电弧焊(ISO/DIS 15609-1:2000) EN ISO 15609-2, Specification and qualification of welding procedures for metallic materials – Welding procedure specification – Part 2: Gas welding (ISO 15609-2:2001). 金属材料焊接工艺规定和验收一焊接工艺规范一第2部分:气(体)焊(ISO 15609-2:2001) EN ISO 15613, Specification and qualification of welding procedure for metallic materials – Qualification based on pre-production welding test (ISO 15613:2003). 金属材料焊接工艺规范和鉴定一基于该生产焊接试验的鉴定(ISO 15613:2003) EN 25817, Arc-welded joints in steel - Guidance on quality levels for imperfections (ISO 5817:1992). 钢的电弧焊缝一缺陷的质量水*指南 CISO 5817:1992)

ISO 15614-1-2004

3 Terms and definitions/术语和定义
本标准使用 EN ISO 15607:2003 给出的术语和定义。
For the purposes of this European Standard, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 15607:2003 apply.

4 Preliminary welding procedure specification (pWPS) /步焊接工艺规范(pWPS)
The preliminary welding procedure specification shall be prepared in accordance with prEN ISO 15609-1 or EN ISO 15609-2.

初步焊接工艺规范应按 prENISO 15609-1 或 EN ISO 15609-2 编制。

5 Welding procedure test/焊接工艺试验
The welding and testing of test pieces shall be in accordance with clauses 6 and 7.

试件的焊接和试试验应按第6条和第7条进行
The welder or welding operator who undertakes the welding procedure test satisfactorily in accordance with this standard is qualified for the appropriate range of qualification according to prEN ISO 9606-1 or EN ISO 9606-4 or EN 1418, providing that the relevant testing requirements are met.

焊工或焊接操作者按本标准满意地进行焊接工艺试验,只要满足相关试验要求,按 prEN ISO 9606-1 或 EN ISO 9606-4或EN 1418,该焊工或操作者在相应的鉴定范围具有资格。

6 Test piece/试件
6.1 General/概述
The welded joint to which the welding procedure will relate in production shall be represented by making a standardized test piece or pieces, as specified in 6.2. Where the production/joint geometry requirements do not represent the standardized test pieces as shown in this standard, the use of EN ISO 15613 shall be required.

产品内涉及焊接工艺的焊接接头应按6.2的规定通过制作一个或儿个标准化试件来代表。如果产品/接头的 几何要求不能提供本标准所示的标准化试件,应要求使用EN ISO 156130 6.2 Shape and dimensions of test pieces/试件的形状和尺寸
The length or number of test pieces shall be sufficient to allow all required tests to be carried out.

试件的长度或数量应足以进行所需要的全部试验
Additional test pieces, or longer test pieces than the minimum size, may be prepared in order to allow for extra and/or for re-testing specimens (see 7.6).

为了制作额外的试样或重新试验的试样,可准备附加试件或比最小尺寸长的试件(见7.6 )
For all test pieces except branch connections (see Figure 4) and fillet welds (see Figure 3) the material thickness, t, shall be the same for both plates/pipes to be welded.

对所有试件,除支管焊接(见图 4)和角焊(见图 3)外,材料厚度 t 应与接焊的两板或两管的厚度相同。
If required by the application standard, the direction of plate rolling shall be marked on the test piece when impact tests are required to be taken in the Heat Affected Zone (HAZ).

如果应用标准要求,冲击试验需要在热影响区(HAZ)内选取时,应在试件上标出板的轧制方向
The thickness and/or pipe outside diameter of the test pieces shall be selected in accordance with 8.3.2.1 to 8.3.2.3.

试件的厚度和/或管的外径应按 8.3.2.1 }-8.3.2.3 选取。
The shape and minimum dimensions of the test piece shall be as follows:

试件的形状和最小尺寸应如下:
6.2.1 Butt joint in plate with full penetration/6. 2. 1 板的全焊透对接接头 The test piece shall be prepared in accordance with Figure 1.

试件应按图 1 制备。
6.2.2 Butt joint in pipe with full penetration/管的全焊透对接接头 The test piece shall be prepared in accordance with Figure 2.

试件应按图 2 制备。

ISO 15614-1-2004 NOTE :The word ―pipe‖, alone or in combination, is used to mean ―pipe‖, ―tube‖ or ―hollow section‖.

注: “管”(pipe)一词单独或组合使用,是表示“大口径的导管”(pipe),“小口径换热管”(tube)“或“空心 部件” 。
6.2.3 T-joint/ T型接头 The test piece shall be prepared in accordance with Figure 3.

试件应按图 3 制备。
This may be used for fully penetrated butt welds or fillet welds.

接头可采用全焊透的对接焊缝焊或角接焊缝 6.2.4 Branch connection/支管焊接
The test piece shall be prepared in accordance with Figure4.The angle α is the minimum to be use in production.

试件应按图4制备,生产时支管角度a采用最小值。
This may be used for fully penetrated joints (set-on or set-in or set-through joint) and for fillet welds.

支管焊接可用于全焊透的接头(定位或嵌入或set-through)和角接焊缝。 6.3 Welding of test pieces/试件的焊接
Preparation and welding of test pieces shall be carried out in accordance with the pWPS, and under the general conditions of welding in production which they shall represent. Welding positions and limitations for the angle of slope and rotation of the test piece shall be in accordance with EN ISO 6947. If tack welds are to be fused into the final joint they shall be included in the test piece.

试件的准备和焊接应按 pWPS 和它们所代表的一般生产焊接条件下进行。试件倾斜角和转角的焊接位置和 限制应按 EN ISO 6947 的规定。如果临时点焊熔入最终的焊缝,它们应包括在试件内。
Welding and testing of the test pieces shall be witnessed by an examiner or an examining body.

试件的焊接和试验应由检验员或检验团体证实。

:

ISO 15614-1-2004

Key/图注: 1 Joint preparation and fit-up as detailed in the preliminary Welding Procedure Specification (pWPS)

按初步焊接工艺规范(pWPS)的规定,制备和装配接头。
a Minimum value 150 mm/最小值150 mm b Minimum value 350 mm/最小值350 mm t Material thickness/材料厚度

Figure 1 — Test piece for a butt joint in plate with full penetration

图 1 板的全焊透对焊试件

ISO 15614-1-2004

Key/图注 1 Joint preparation and fit-up as detailed in the preliminary Welding Procedure Specification (pWPS)

按初步焊接工艺规范(pWPS)的规定,制备和装配接头。 a Minimum value 150 mm/最小值150 mm D Outside pipe diameter/管外径 t Material thickness/材料厚度
Figure 2 — Test piece for a butt joint in pipe with full penetration

图 2 管的全焊透对焊试件

Key 图注 1 Joint preparation and fit-up as detailed in the preliminary Welding Procedure Specification (pWPS)

按初步焊接工艺规范(pWPS)的规定,制备和装配接头。 a Minimum value 150 mm/最小值150 mm b Minimum value 350 mm/最小值 350 mm t Material thickness/材料厚度
Figure 3 — Test piece for a T- joint

图 3 一 T 型接头试件

ISO 15614-1-2004

Key/图注
1 Joint preparation and fit-up as detailed in the preliminary Welding Procedure Specification (pWPS)

按初步焊接工艺规范(pWPS)的规定,制备和装配接头 ??Branch angle/支管角度 a Minimum value 150 mm/最小值150 mm D1 Outside diameter of the main pipe/主管外径 t1 Main pipe material thickness/主管材料厚度 D2 Outside diameter of the pipe/支管外径 t2 Branch pipe material thickness/支管材料厚度
Figure 4 — Test piece for a branch connection

图 4 一支管焊接试件

7 Examination and testing/检验和试验
7.1 Extent of testing/试验内容
Testing includes both non-destructive testing (NDT) and destructive testing which shall be in accordance with therequirements of Table 1.

试验包括非破坏性试验(NDT)和破坏性试验。应按表1的要求进行。 An application standard may specify additional tests, e.g.: 应用标准可规定补充试验,例如 ??longitudinal weld tensile test; 纵向焊缝拉伸试验 ??all weld metal bend test; 全焊缝金属的弯曲试验 ??corrosion tests; 腐蚀试验 ??chemical analysis; 化学分析

? ? ?

ISO 15614-1-2004

micro examination;? 微观检查?? delta ferrite examination;? 铁素体检查?? cruciform test? 十字形试验?
NOTE: Specific service, material or manufacturing conditions may require more comprehensive testing than is specified by this standard in order to gain more information and to avoid repeating the welding procedure test at a later date just to obtain additional test data.?

注:到补充试验数据后,为得到更多的信息,和避免重复焊接工艺试验,特殊的使用、材料或生产条件所需的 试验可能比本标准规定的试验更复杂。? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

ISO 15614-1-2004

Table 1 — Examination and testing of the test pieces 表1—的检验和试验? Test piece 试件 Butt joint with full penetration - Figure 1 and Figure 2 脚注全焊透时的对焊一图1和 图2 Type of t est 试验种类 Visual宏观检验 Radiographic or ultrasonic射线或超声波探伤 Surface crack detection表面裂纹检测 Transverse tensile test横向拉仲试验 Transverse bend test横向弯曲试验 Impact test冲击试验 Hardness test硬度试验 Macroscopic examination宏观(低倍)检查
Visual宏观检验 Surface crack detection表面裂纹检测 Ultrasonic or radiographic射线或超声波探伤 Hardness test硬度试验 Macroscopic examination宏观(低倍)检查

Extent of testing 试验内容 100 % 100 % 100 % 2 specimens2个试样 4 specimens4个试样 2 sets2组 required要求 1 specimen1个试样
100 % 100 % 100 % required要求 2 specimens2个试样

Footnote
a b c d e -

T- joint with full penetration - Figure 3 Branch connection with full penetration Figure 4全焊透时的T型接头图3, 全焊透时的支管焊接-图4

f b and f a, f and g e and f f
f b and f e and f f

Fillet welds - Figure 3 and Figure 4

Visual宏观检验 Surface crack detection表面裂纹检测 Hardness test硬度试验 Macroscopic examination宏观(低倍)检查

100 % 100 % required要求 2 specimens2个试样

a Ultrasonic testing shall not be used for t < 8 mm and not for material groups 8, 10, 41 to 48.

超声波试验不适用于t<8 mm,且不用适于材料组别为8、10、41 ∽48的材料。 b Penetrant testing or magnetic particle testing. For non-magnetic materials, penetrant testing. 渗透试验或磁粉力探伤试验,对非磁性材料, 采用渗透试验 c For bend tests, see 7.4.3. 弯曲试验,见7.4.3 d 1 set in the weld metal and 1 set in the HAZ for materials > 12 mm thick and having specified impact properties. Application standards may require impact testing below 12 mm thick. The testing temperature shall be chosen by the manufacturer with regard to the application or application standard but need not be lower than the parent metal specification. For additional tests see 7.4.5. 对厚度≥12 mm且要求有冲击性能的材料, 1组冲击试样验为焊缝金属, 1组冲击试样为热影响区 (HAZ)。 材料厚度小于12mm材料, 当应用标准有要求时,也应做冲击试验。根据应用或应用标准确定试验温度,但试验温度不得低于母材标准规定的温度。关于补 充试验,见7.4.5 e Not required for parent metals: -sub-group 1.1, and groups 8, 41 to 48. 不要求的母材:组别号为1.1和8 、41∽48的材料。 f Tests as detailed do not provide information on the mechanical properties of the joint. Where these properties are relevant to the application an additional qualification shall also be held e.g. a butt weld qualification. 列举的试验不提供有关接头的机械性能资料。在这些性能与应用相关时,还应该进行补充评定,例如对焊缝的评定 g For outside diameter ??50 mm no ultrasonic test is required. 外径??50 mm时,不要求超声波探伤检验 For outside diameter > 50 mm and where it is not technically possible to carry out ultrasonic examination, a radiographic examination shall be carried out provided that the joint configuration will allow meaningful results. 对于外径>50 mm和因技术原因不能进行超声波探伤经常检查,应讲行X射线探伤检验,以对接头提供满意的结果,

7.2 Location and taking of test specimens/试验的位置和选取
Test specimens shall be taken in accordance with Figures, 5, 6, 7 and 8.

试样应按图5.6.7和8截取。
Test specimens shall be taken after all non-destructive testing (NDT) has been carried out and which has passed the relevant inspection criteria for the NDT method(s) used.

试样的截取应在所有非破坏性试验(NDT)已经完成并已经通过所用NDT方法的相关检查依据后进行。
It is acceptable to take the test specimens from locations avoiding areas which have imperfections within the acceptance limits for the NDT method(s) used.

试样截取的位置在所用NDT方法的允许范围内最好避开缺陷区域。

ISO 15614-1-2004

Key/图注 1 Discard 25 mm/舍弃25 mm 2 Welding direction/焊接方向 3 Area for: 区域3: - 1 tensile test specimen; 1个拉仲试样 - bend test specimens. 弯曲试样 4 Area for: 区域4 - impact and additional test/冲击和补充试验 specimens if required.备用试样 5 Area for: 区域5 - 1 tensile test specimen; 1个拉仲试样 - bend test specimens. 弯曲试样 6 Area for: 区域6 - 1 macro test specimen; 1个宏观试样 - 1 hardness test specimen. 1个硬度试样 NOTE Not to scale. 注此图未按比例 Figure 5 — Location of test specimens for a butt joint in plate

图5 板对焊试样的位置

ISO 15614-1-2004

Key/图注 1 Top of fixed pipe固定管的顶部 2 Area for: 区域2: - 1 tensile test specimen; 1个位仲试样 - bend test specimens./ 弯曲试样 3 Area for: 区域3 - impact and additional test/冲击和补充试验 specimens if required. 备用试样 4 Area for: 区域4 - 1 tensile test specimen; 1个拉仲试样 - bend test specimens. 弯曲试样 5 Area for: 区域5 - 1 macro test specimen; 1个宏观试样 - 1 hardness test specimen. 1个硬度试样 NOTE :Not to scale.



:此图未按比例

Figure 6 — Location of test specimens for a butt joint in pipe

图6一管对焊试样的位置

ISO 15614-1-2004

Key/图注 1 Discard 25 mm/ 舍弃25 mm 2 Macro test specimen/宏观试样 3 Macro and hardness test specimen/宏观和硬度试样 4 Welding direction/焊接方向

Figure 7 — Location of test specimens in a T- joint 图7一T型接头试样的位置

ISO 15614-1-2004

Key/图注 1 Macro and hardness test specimen to be taken (in position A) 所采取的宏观和硬度试样(位置A) 2 Macro test specimen in position B宏观试样(位置B) α Branch angle支管角度 Figure 8 — Location of test specimens for a branch connection or a fillet weld on pipe 图8—管的支管焊接或角焊试样的位置

7.3 Non-destructive testing/非破坏性试验
All non-destructive testing in accordance with 7.1 and Table 1 shall be carried out on the test pieces prior to cuttingof the test specimens. Any post-weld heat treatment that is specified shall be completed prior to non-destructivetesting. 按7.1和表1的所有非破坏性试验应在试样切割前对试件进行。所规定的任何焊后热处理应在非破坏性试验之前 进行。 For materials that are susceptible to hydrogen induced cracking and where no post heating or no post-weld heat treatment is specified, non-destructive testing should be delayed. 对氢脆敏感产生裂纹的材料及未规定焊后加热或焊后热处理时,应推迟进行非破坏性试验。 Depending upon joint geometry, materials and the requirements for work, the NDT shall be carried out as required in Table 1 in accordance with EN 970 (visual examination), EN 1435 (radiographic testing), EN 1714 (ultrasonic testing), EN 571-1 (penetrant testing) and EN 1290 (magnetic particle testing). 根据接头的儿何形状,材料和工件要求,非破坏性试验(NDT)应根据EN 970(外观检查),EN 1435 (射线检查)、 EN1714(超声波检查)EN 571-1(渗透检查)和EN1290(磁力探伤检查)按表1的要求进行。

7.4 Destructive testing/破坏性试验
7.4.1 General/概述 The extent of testing shall be as required by Table 1/试验的程度按表1的要求。. 7.4.2 Transverse tensile test/横向拉伸试验 Specimens and testing for transverse tensile testing for butt joint shall be in accordance with EN 895. 对焊横向拉仲试验的试样和试验应按EN 895的规定。 For pipes > 50 mm outside diameter, the excess weld metal shall be removed on both faces to give the test specimen a thickness equal to the wall thickness of the pipe. 对外径>50 mm的管,应从两端面去除多余的焊接金属,使试样的厚度等于管的壁厚。 For pipes ??50 mm outside diameter, and when full section small diameter pipes are used, the excess weld metal may be left undressed on the inside surface of the pipe. 对外径≤50mm的管,和使用全截面小口径管时,管内表面上的焊缝金属余高可保留,而不用去除。

ISO 15614-1-2004

The tensile strength of the test specimen shall not be less than the corresponding specified minimum value for the parent metal unless otherwise specified prior to testing. 如果试验前无其它规定,试样的抗拉强度应不小于母材所规定的最低值。 For dissimilar parent metal joints the tensile strength shall not to be less than the minimum value specified for the parent material having the lowest tensile strength. 不同的母材焊接,接头的抗拉强度应不小于最低抗拉强度的母材的最小规定值 7.4.3 Bend test/弯曲试验 Specimens and testing for bend testing for butt joints shall be in accordance with EN 910. 对焊接头的弯曲试验试样和试验应遵循EN 910的规定 For thicknesses <12 mm two root and two face bend test specimens shall be tested. For thicknesses ≥12 mm four side bend specimens are recommended instead of root and face bend tests. 厚度<12 mm时, 应使用两个背弯试样和两个面弯试样。 厚度≥12 mm时, 推荐用4个侧弯试样代替背弯和面弯。 For dissimilar metal joints or heterogeneous butt joint in plates, one root and one face longitudinal bend test specimen may be used instead of four transverse bend tests. 对异种金属接头或不同的板对接接头,可使用一个纵向背弯试样和一个纵向面弯试样代替4个横向弯曲试验。 The diameter of the former or the inner roller shall be 4 t and the bending angle shall be 180??for parent metal with elongation A ≥?20 %. For parent metal with elongation A < 20 % the following formula shall be applied: 对于延伸率A≥20%的母材,弯辊即内辊的直径应为4t,时,弯曲角应为180°,对延伸率A<20%的母材,弯 辊直径应使用下列公式: -ts A Where/式中 d is the diameter of the former or the inner roller/ d为弯辊即内辊的直径 ts is the thickness of the bend test specimen/ ts为焊接试样的厚度 A is the minimum tensile elongation required by the material specification /A为材料规范所要求的最小延伸率 During testing, the test specimens shall not reveal any one single flaw > 3 mm in any direction. Flaws appearing at the corners of a test specimen during testing shall be ignored in the evaluation. 试验时,试样在任何方向上不得有>3 mm的任何单一裂纹,试验时在试样的边角处出现的裂纹,评定时应不予 考虑。 7.4.4 Macroscopic examination/宏观检查 The test specimen shall be prepared and etched in accordance with EN 1321 on one side to clearly reveal the fusion line, the HAZ and the build up of the runs. 为能清楚显示熔合线,热影响区(HAZ)和焊道,试样应按EN 1321规定在一侧制备和腐蚀。 The macroscopic-examination shall include unaffected parent metal and shall be recorded by at least one acroreproduction per procedure test. 宏观检查应包括未受影响的基本金属,同时每个工艺试验至少用一个宏观复制面记录。 The acceptance levels shall be in accordance with 7.5. /宏观检查的验收条件应按7.5的规定 7.4.5 Impact testing/冲击试验 Test specimens and testing for impact tests shall be in accordance with this standard for location of specimens and temperature of testing, and with EN 875 for dimensions and testing. 冲击试验试样的位置和试验温度应按本标准进行,试样的尺寸和试样的位置应按EN 875进行。 For weld metal, test specimen type VWT (V : Charpy V-notch - W : notch in weld metal - T : notch through the thickness) and for HAZ specimen type VHT (V : Charpy V-notch - H : notch in heat affected zone - T : notch through the thickness) shall be used. From each specified location, each set shall be comprised of three specimens. 对焊缝金属,应使用VWT型试样(V:夏比V型缺口,W:焊接金属内缺口,T:整个厚度的缺口),对热影响区(HAZ) 应使用VHT型试样(V: 夏比V型缺口,H:热影响区内缺口,T:整个厚度的缺口)。根据每个规定位置,每组应由三 个试样组成。 d= Specimens with Charpy V-notch shall be used and sampled from a maximum of 2 mm below the surface of the parent metal and transverse to the weld. 应使用具有夏比V型缺口的试样,并且从基本金属表面以下最大2mm处,与焊缝横向切取。 In the HAZ the notch shall be at 1 mm to 2 mm from the fusion line and in the weld metal the notch shall be at the weld centreline. 热影响区(HAZ) 冲击试样,缺口应位于距熔合线1 ∽2 mm处。焊缝金属冲击试样,缺口应位于焊缝中心线。 (100)×ts

ISO 15614-1-2004

For thicknesses > 50 mm, two additional sets of specimens shall be taken, one from the weld metal and one from the HAZ at the mid thickness or in the root area of the weld. 厚度>50 mm时,应在焊缝中间厚度或根部区域内,取2组附加试验样,一个从焊接金属切取,另一个从热影响 区(HAZ)内切取。 The absorbed energy shall be in accordance with the appropriate parent material standard unless modified by the application standard. The average value of the three specimens shall meet the specified requirements. 除非应用标准没有特殊要求改变,所吸收功应符合相应的母材标准三个试样的*均值应满足规定的要求。 For each notch location one individual value may be below the minimum average value specified, provided that it is not less than 70 % of that value. 对每个缺口位置,一个值可以低于规定的最低*均值,只要它不低于最低*均值的 70%即可 For dissimilar metal joints impact tests shall be carried out on specimens from each HAZ in each parent metal. 对异种金属焊头,应对从每个基本金属的每个热影响区(HAZ)切取的试样进行冲击试验。 Where multiple welding processes are qualified in a single test piece, impact test specimens shall be taken from the weld metal and HAZ that include each process. 在一个试件上进行多种焊接工艺的合格评定时,冲击试验用试样应取自包括每种焊接工艺的焊接金属和热影响 区。 7.4.6 Hardness testing/硬度试验 Vickers hardness testing with a load of HV10 shall be performed in accordance with EN 1043-1. Hardness measurements shall be taken in the weld, the heat affected zones and the parent metal in order to evaluate the range of hardness values across the welded joint. For material thicknesses less than or equal to 5 mm, only one row of indentations shall be made at a depth of up to 2 mm below the upper surface of the welded joint. For material thicknesses over 5 mm, two rows of indentations shall be made at a depth of up to 2 mm below the upper and lower surfaces of the of the welded joint. For double sided welds, fillet and T-butt welds, one additional row of indentations shall be made through the root area. Examples of typical indentation patterns are shown in Figures 1 a), b), e) and f) of EN 1043-1:1995 and Figures 3 and 4. 载荷为HV 10的维氏硬度试验应按EN 1043-1进行,硬度测定应在焊接区,热影响区和底层金属进行以评定整个 焊缝的硬度值范围。材料厚度小于或等于5 mm时,仅在低于焊缝上表面2mm的深度处进行一排压痕硬度试验。 材料厚度超过Smm时,在低于焊缝的上表面和下表面2mm的深度处进行两排压痕硬度试验。对两侧焊接,角焊 和T型对焊,应通过根部区域进行一排附加压痕硬度试验。典型的压痕图形的示例在EN 1043-1: 1995的图 la),b)e)和f)和图3和4内示出。 For each row of indentation at least 3 individual indentations in each of the following areas: 对每排压痕,在下列每个区域内至少有3个压痕。 the weld; /焊缝 both heat affected zones; /两个热影响区 both parent metals. /两个底层金属 For the HAZ the first indentation shall be placed as close to the fusion line as possible. 对热影响区(HAZ),第一个压痕应尽可能靠*熔化线。 The results from the hardness test shall meet the requirements given in Table 2. However requirements for Groups 6 (non heat treated), 7, 10 and 11 and any dissimilar metal joints shall be specified prior to testing. 硬度试验的结果应满足表2给出的要求。但是,第6(非热处理)7.10和11组和任何不同金属焊接的 要求应在试验前规定。

ISO 15614-1-2004

Table 2 — Permitted maximum hardness values (HV 10) 表2一允许的最大硬度值(HV 10) Steel groups 钢组号 CR ISO 15608 a 1 ,2 b 3 4,5 6 9.1 9.2 9.3
A B
2

Non-heat treated 不热处理 380 450 380 — 350 450 450

Heat treated 热处理 320 380 320 — 300 350 350
2

If hardness tests are required./ 如果要求硬度试验 For steels with min ReH >890 N/mm special values shall be specified. /对最小ReH >890 N/mm 的钢,应规定特

殊值。

7.5 Acceptance levels/验收合格标准
A welding procedure is qualified if the imperfections in the test piece are within the specified limits of quality level B in EN 25817 except for imperfection types as follows: excess weld metal, excess convexity, excess throat thickness and excessive penetration, for which level C shall apply.
如果试件的缺陷在EN 25817质量等级B级的规定范围内,焊接工艺评定合格。但是,下列类型的缺陷,如过多的焊缝金属, 过大的凸度,过大的焊缝厚度和过度焊透等除外,这些缺陷应使用C级质量等级。 NOTE The correlation between the quality levels of EN 25817 and the acceptance levels of the different NDT techniques are given in EN 12062. 注EN 25817的质量等级之问的关系和不同的非破坏性试验(NDT)技术的验收水*在EN 12062内给出。

7.6 Re-testing/重复试验
If the test piece fails to comply with any of the requirements for visual examination or NDT specified in 7.5, one further test piece shall be welded and subjected to the same examination. If this additional test piece does not comply with the requirements, the welding procedure test has failed.
如果试件不符合7.5规定的外观检查或非破坏性检查的要求,应再取一个试件进行焊接,并进行同样检查。如果此附加试件 仍不符合要求,此焊接工艺试验已经失败(不合格)。

If any test specimens fail to comply with the requirements for destructive testing in accordance with 7.4 but only due to weld imperfections, two further test specimens shall be tested for each one that failed. The additional test specimens can be taken from the same test piece if there is sufficient material or from a new test piece. Each additional test specimen shall be subjected to the same tests as the initial test specimen that failed. If either of the additional test specimens does not comply with the requirements, the welding procedure test has failed.
如果任何试样仅仅由于焊接缺陷不符合7.4规定的破坏性试验的要求,对每一个不合格的试样再取两个试样进行试验。附加 试样可从同一个试件上切取(如果有足够材料的话)或从一个新试件上切取。每个附加的试样应进行与不合格的初始试样相同 的试验。如果附加试样的任何一个不符合要求,此焊接试验已经失败。

If a tensile test specimen fails to meet the requirements of 7.4.2, two further test specimens shall be obtained for each one that failed. Both shall satisfy the requirements of 7.4.2.
如果抗拉强度试样不符合7.4.2的要求,对每一个不合格的试样再取两个试样进行试验。这两个试样应满足7.4.2的要求。

If there are single hardness values in different test zones above the values indicated in Table 2 additional hardness tests may be carried out (on the reverse of the specimen or after sufficient grinding of the tested surfaces). None of the additional hardness values shall exceed the maximum hardness values given in Table 2. 如果在不同的试验区域内有一个硬度值高于表2内的所示值,可进行附加硬度试验(在试样的反面或试验的表面充分磨削
后)附加试验的硬度值应不超过表2给出的最大硬度值。

For Charpy impacts tests, where the results from a set of three specimens do not comply with the requirements, with only one lower value below 70 %, three additional specimens shall be taken. The average value of these specimens together with the initial results shall not be lower than the required average.
对夏比摆锤式冲击试验,一组三个试样的试验结果不符合要求,仅一个较低值低于70%,应取三个试样进行附加试验。这些 试样连同初始结果的*均值应不低于所要求的*均值。

ISO 15614-1-2004

8 Range of qualification/鉴定的范围
8.1 General/综述
Each of the conditions given in clause 7 shall be met in order to comply with this standard. 为符合标准应满足第7条给出的各种条件。 Changes outside of the ranges specified shall require a new welding procedure test. 超过规定范围的变化应需要新的焊接工艺试验。

8.2 Related to the manufacturer/有关制造厂
A qualification of a pWPS by a welding procedure test according to this standard obtained by a manufacturer is valid for welding in workshops or sites under the same technical and quality control of the manufacturer. Welding is under the same technical and quality control when the manufacturer who performed the welding procedure test retains complete responsibility for all welding carried out to it. 与制造厂有关制造厂接得到的这个标准通过焊接的艺试验对初步焊接工艺规范进行评定,适用于该制造厂在相 同技术和质量控制下的车问或现场内的焊接,焊接是在相同的技术和质量控制条件下,此时进行焊接工艺试验 的制造厂对所进行的全部焊接保留全部责任。

8.3 Related to the parent material/与母材有关
8.3.1 Parent material grouping/母材分组 In order to minimise the number of welding procedure tests, steels, nickel and nickel alloys are grouped according to CR ISO 15608. 为将焊接工艺试验的次数减至最低,钢、镍及镍合金应按C RISO 15608进行分组。 Separate welding procedure qualifications are required for each parent material or parent material combinations not covered by the grouping system. 对分组系统未包括的各种母材或母材组合,需要单独的焊接工艺评定 If one parent material belongs to two groups or sub-groups, it shall always be classified in the lower group or subgroup. 如果一个母材属于两组或两个分组,它应始终归如较低组或较低的分组
NOTE Minor compositional differences between similar grades arising from the use of national standards do not need Requalification

注:因使用国家标准而引起的类似牌号之问的微小成分差异不需要重新评定。 8.3.1.1 Steels/钢 The ranges of qualification are given in Table 3. 评定的范围在表3内给出 8.3.1.2 Nickel alloys/镍合金 The ranges of qualification are given in Table 4./ 评定的范围在表4内给出 8.3.1.3 Dissimilar joints between steels and nickel alloys/钢和镍合金之间的不同焊接 The ranges of qualification are given in Table 4. 评定范围在表4内给出。

ISO 15614-1-2004

Table 3 — Range of qualification for steel groups and sub-groups 表3—钢组和次钢组的评定范围
Material (sub-) group of test piece 试件材料分组 1 -1 2 -2 3 -3 4-4 5-5 6-6 7-7 7-3 7-2 8-8 8-6 8-5 8-3 8-2 9-9 10-10 10-8 10-6 10-5 10-3 10-2 11-11 a 1 2 4 5 7 7 8 8 8 8 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 11
a a a b b b

Range of qualification 评定范围 – 1 – 2, 1 - 1, 2 – 1
a a

3 – 3, 1 - 1, 2 – 1, 2 - 2, 3 – 4, 4 – 5, 5
b b b

- 1, 3 –2

a

- 1, 4 - 1, 5

b b b

- 2 - 2

6 – 6, 6
c c

- 1, 6 – 2 - 1, 7 – 2
c c

– 7
c

7 – 3, 7
c c c c c c b b b b b b b b

- 2

a

, 7 – 1
c c c c

8 – 8 - 6 , 8 - 5 , 8 - 3 , 8
a a b b

- 1, 8 - 1, 8

c c c

- 2, 8 – 4 - 2, 8
c

- 4, 8

c

- 6.1, 8

c

- 6.2

- 1, 8 – 2

- 2 , 8 – 1 – 9 – 10 - 8
c b b a b b b

- 6 , 10 - 5 , 10 - 3 , 10
a b

- 1, 10 - 1, 10

b b b

- 2, 10 – 4 - 2, 10
b

b

- 4, 10

b

- 6.1, 10

b

- 6.2

- 1, 10 – 2

- 2 , 10 v– 1 - 11, 11 – 1

Covers the equal or lower specified yield strength steels of the same group 包括等于或低于规定屈服强度的同组钢。 b Covers steels in the same sub-group and any lower sub-group within the same group 包括同分组内的钢和同组内任何较低分组的钢。 c Covers steels in the same sub-group 包括同分组内的钢。

ISO 15614-1-2004

Table 4 — Range of qualification for nickel alloy and nickel alloy/steel groups 表4一镍合金和镍合金/钢组的评定范围
Material group of the test pieces 41-41 42-42 43-43 44-44 45-45 46-46 47-47 48-48 41至48-2 41至48-3 41至48-5 41至48-8 Range of qualification 41c-41 42c-42 43c-43,45c-45c,47c-47 44c-44 45c-45,43c-43c 46c-46 47c-47,43c-43c,45c-45c 48c-48 41 to 48 c -2 a , 41 to 48 c – 1 41 to 48 c - 3 a , 41 to 48 c - 2 or 1 41 to 48 c - 5 b, 41 to 48 c - 6.2 or 6.1 or 4 or 2 or 1 41 to 48 b - 6 b , 41 to 48 c - 4 or 2 or 1

NOTE: For groups 41 to 48, a procedure test carried out with a precipitation hardenable alloy in a group covers all precipitation hardenable alloys in that group welded to all solid solution alloys in the same group. 注:对41 ^-48组,同某一组内沉淀硬化合金进行的工艺试验包括焊接到同一组内所有固溶合金上的该组的所有沉淀硬化合 金
a

Covers the equal or lower specified yield strength steels of the same group 包括等于或低于规定屈服强度的同组钢

b

Covers steels in the same sub-group and any lower sub-group within the same group 包括同分组的钢和同组内干州可较低与组的钢

c

For groups 41 to 48, a procedure test carried out with a solid solution or precipitation hardenable alloy 对41 ^-48组,在某一组内用固溶硬化介金或沉淀硬化介金进行的工艺试验包括该组内相应地所有

in a group covers all solid solution or precipitation hardenable alloys respectively in the same group. 固溶硬化介金或沉淀硬化介金。

8.3.2 Material thickness and pipe diameter/材料厚度和管直径 8.3.2.1 General/概述 For single process qualification, the thickness, t, shall have the following meanings: 对单个工艺鉴定,厚度t应具有下列意义: a) For a butt joint: /对接接头 the parent material thickness./ 是指母材厚度 b) For a fillet weld:/角接接头 the parent material thicknesses. For each thickness range qualified as in Table 6 there is also an associated range of qualification for throat thicknesses, a ,for single run fillet welds as given in 8.3.2.2. 是指母材厚度,对表6鉴定的每种厚度范围,对焊缝厚度a也有相关的鉴定范围对单道角焊按8.3.2.2内的给出。 c) For a set-on branch connection:/ 对定位支管焊接 the parent material thicknesses. /是指母材厚度 d) For a set-in or set-through bran ch connection: /对嵌入(set-in)或set-through支管焊接 the parent material thicknesses. /是指母材厚度

ISO 15614-1-2004

e) For a T joint in plate with full penetration:/ 板的全焊透板T型接头 the parent material thickness./ 是指母材厚度 ?For multi-process qualification, the recorded thickness contribution of each process shall be used as a basis for the range of qualification for the individual welding process. 对组合工艺的评定,应将所记录的每种工艺的厚度值作为单个焊接工艺评定范围的基础。 8.3.2.2 Range of qualification for butt joints, T- joints, branch connections and fillet welds 对接接头、T型接头、支管连接和角焊缝的评定范围 The qualification of a welding procedure test on thickness t shall include qualification for thickness in the following ranges given in Table 5 and Table 6. 表5和表6给出了焊接工艺试验厚度t和评定范围内厚度 For branch connections and fillet welds, the range of qualification shall be applied to both parent materials independently. When fillet weld is qualified by butt weld, table 6 applies. 对支管焊缝和角焊缝,评定范围应分别适用于两种母材。当用对接焊缝鉴定角焊缝时,应用评定范围见表6。 Table 5 — Range of qualification for butt welds material thickness and weld deposit thickness 表5—对接焊缝材料厚度和焊缝熔敷金属厚度的评定范围 Dimensions in millimeters/尺寸:mm Thickness of test piece/t 试样厚度/ t t≤3 3<t≤12 12<t≤100 >100
a

Range of qualification/评定范围 Single run/单道焊 0.7t to(到)1.3t 0.5t (3mm) to(到) 1.3t 0.5t to (到)1.1t Not application
a

Multi-run/多道焊 0.7t to(到) 2t 3 to(到) 2t
a

0.5t to (到)2t 50 to(到)2t

when impact requirements are specified the upper limit of qualification is 12 mm unless impact testing has been

performed./规定冲击要求时,如果不进行冲击试验,评定的上限是 12mm。

Table 6 – Range of qualification for material thickness and throat thickness of fillet welds 表6 角焊缝的材料厚度和焊缝厚度的评定范围 Dimensions in millimeters/尺寸:mm Thickness of test piece/t 试样厚度/ t t≤3 3<t<30 T>30 Range of qualification/评定范围 material thickness 材料厚度 0.7t to(到) 2t 0.5t (3mm) to(到) 1.2 t ≥5 Throat thickness/焊喉厚度 Single run/单道焊 0.75a to(到)1.5a 0.75a to(到)1.5a a Multi-run/多道焊 无限制 无限制 无限制

NOTE 1 a is the throat as used for the test piece/注:l a是试件的焊缝厚度 NOTE 2 Where a fillet weld is qualified by means of a butt weld test, the throat thickness range qualified shall be based on the thickness of the deposited metal.

注:2用对接试验鉴定角接时,所规定的焊缝厚度范围应以熔敷金属的厚度为基础。 a test. a 仅供特殊场合使用,每个焊缝厚度必须用焊接工艺试验分别检验。 for special applications only. Each throat thickness has to be proofed separately by a welding procedure

ISO 15614-1-2004

8.3.2.3 Range of qualification for the diameter of pipes and branch connections 管和支管连接直径的评定评定范围 The qualification of a welding procedure test on diameter D shall include qualification for diameters in the following ranges given in Table 7. 对直径D的焊接工艺试验的鉴定应包括对表7给出的下列范围内的直径的鉴定。 Qualification given for plates also covers pipes when the outside diameter is > 500 mm or when the diameter is > 150 mm welded in the PA or PC rotated position. 在PA或PC回转位置焊接的外径>SOOmm或直径>150mm时,对板给出的鉴定也包括管。 Table 7 — Range of qualification for pipe and branch connection diameters 表7—管和支管连接直径的评定范围 Dimensions in millimetres/尺寸:mm a Diameter of the test piece D , mm Range of qualification 试样直径D a ,mm D≤25 D>25 注对空心结构截面,D 为较小侧的直径
a a

评定范围 0.5D to 2D 0.5D(25mm min)

NOTE For structural hollow section D is the dimension of the smaller side.

D is the outside diameter of the pipe or outside diameter of the branch pipe.

D 为管的外径或支管的外径 8.3.3 Angle of branch connection/支管连接角 A welding procedure test carried out on a branch connection with angle ??shall qualify all branch angles ?1 in the range of ?????1 ??90° . 对具有a角的支管连接进行的焊接工艺试验应鉴定在α ≤α 1≤90°的范围内的所有支管连接角α 8.4 Common to all welding procedures/所有焊接工艺的共性 8.4.1 Welding processes/焊接方法 Each degree of mechanization shall be qualified independently (manual, partly mechanized, fully mechanized and automatic). 应单独鉴定每种机械化的程度(手动、部分机械化、全机械化和自动)。 In the same way, it is not allowed to change the means of implementation (manual, mechanised or automated). 以同样方式,不允许改变实现焊接的手段(手动、机械化或自动的)。 The qualification is only valid for the welding process(es) used in the welding procedure test. 此鉴定仅对焊接工艺试验使用的焊接工艺有效。 For multi-process procedures the welding procedure qualification may be carried out with separate welding procedure tests for each welding process. It is also possible to make the welding procedure test as a multi-process procedure test. The qualification of such a test is only valid for the process sequence carried out during the multiprocess procedure test. 对多种焊接工艺方法,焊接工艺的鉴定可用每种焊接方法的单独的焊接工艺试验进行,使焊接工艺试验作为多 种焊接工艺试验也是可能的。对这样一个试验的鉴定仅对多种焊接工艺试验时所进行的过程顺序有效。
NOTE It is not allowed to use a multi-process procedure test to qualify any single process unless the testing carried out on the process conforms to this standard.

注不允许使用多种焊接工艺试验鉴定任何单一工艺,但是,对焊接工艺所进行的试验符合本标准时除外。 8.4.2 Welding positions/焊接位置 Welding of a test in any one position (pipe or plate) qualifies for welding in all positions (pipe or plate) except for PG and J-L045 where a separate welding procedure test shall be required. 试验时在任何一个位置(管或板)的焊接证明在所有位置(管或板)的焊接合格。但 PG 和 J-L045 除外,它们应需 要单独的焊接工艺试验。 When impact and/or hardness requirements are specified impact tests shall be taken from the weld in the highest heat input position and hardness tests shall be taken from the weld in the lowest heat input position in order to qualify for all positions. 规定冲击要求和/或硬度要求时,冲击试验用试件应取自最高热输入位置内的焊缝,而硬度试验用试件应在最低 热输入位置的焊缝以便证明所有位置合格。 For example, butt welds in plate the highest heat input position is normally PF and the lowest PC. For fixed pipe welds the hardness tests shall be taken from the overhead welding position 例如,板的对焊,其最高热输入位置通常为 PF,最低热输入位置通常为 PC,对固定的管焊接,硬度试验用试件 应取自上面的焊接位置。

ISO 15614-1-2004

When neither impact nor hardness requirements are specified, welding in any one position (pipe or plate) qualifies for welding in all positions (pipe or plate). 当既未规定冲击要求也未规定硬度要求时,在任何一个位置(管或板)的焊接证明在所有位置(管板)的焊接 合格。 To satisfy both hardness and impact requirements two test pieces in different welding positions are required unless a single position qualification is required. Where qualification is required for all positions both test pieces shall be subjected to full visual examination and non-destructive testing. 为满足硬度要求和冲击要求,如果不要求单个位置的合格鉴定,则需要在不同焊接位置内的两个试件需要对所 有位置进行合格鉴定时,应对两个试件进行全部外观检查和非破坏性试验。 For material of Group 10, the lowest and highest heat input positions shall be subjected to both impact and hardness testing. 对第10组材料,应对最低和最高热输入位置进行冲击试验和硬度试验。
NOTE Other destructive tests may be taken from either test piece. One of the test pieces may be reduced length.

注其它破坏性试验可取自两个试件,其中一个试件可以减少的长度 8.4.3 Type of joint/weld/接头 /焊缝的类型 The range of qualification for the type of welded joints is as used in the welding procedure test subject to limitations given in other clauses (eg diameter, thickness) and additionally: 在焊接工艺试验使用的焊缝形式的评定范围受到其它(例如直径、厚度)限制: a) Butt welds qualify full and partial penetration butt welds and fillet welds. Fillet weld tests shall be required where this is the predominant form of production welding. 对焊应证明全焊透和部分焊透的对焊和角焊合格。如果角焊为焊接生产的主要形式时,应进行角焊试验。 b) Butt joints in pipe also qualify branch connections with an angle≥60° 管的对接接头也评定角度≥60°的支管焊接; c) T joints butt welded only qualify T joints butt welded and fillet welds (see a); T型对接接头只能评定T型对接和角接接头; d) Welds made from one side without backing qualify welds made from both sides and welds with backing; 无背衬的单面焊缝可评定有背衬的双面焊缝; e) Welds made with backing qualify welds made from both sides;/有背衬的焊接证明两侧焊接合格 f) Welds made from both sides without gouging qualify welds made from both sides with gouging; 无气刨双面焊缝能评定有气刨双面焊缝; g) Fillet welding qualifies fillet welding only;/角焊仅评定角焊 h) It is not permitted to change a multi-run deposit into a single run (or single run on each side) or vice versa for a given process./h)对给定工艺,不允许将多道焊改为单道焊(或每侧单道焊),反之亦然。 8.4.4 Filler material, designation/填充金属,名称(牌号) Filler materials cover other filler materials as long as they have equivalent mechanical properties, same type of covering core or flux, same nominal composition and the same or lower hydrogen content according to the designation in the appropriate European standard for the filler material concerned. 焊*ㄆ渌噶希灰从泄睾噶系南嘤ε分薇曜嫉呐坪潘蔷哂邢嗤幕敌阅堋⑾嗤嘈偷暮感净蚝讣粒 相同的公称成分和相同或较低的氢含量即可。 8.4.5 Filler material, make (manufacturer and trade name)/填充金属、制造(制造厂和牌号) When impact testing is required, for processes 111, 114, 12, 136 and 137 the range of validity is restricted to the specific make used in the procedure test. It is permissible to change the specific make of filler material to another with the same compulsory part of the designation when an additional test piece is welded. This test piece shall be welded using the identical welding parameters as the original test and only weld metal impact test specimens shall be tested. 要求冲击试验时,对焊接工艺111,114,12,136和137,有效范围只限于焊接工艺试验时使用的特殊类型。 当焊接附加试件时,允许将专用类型的焊料改为另一种具有相同规定部分的焊料。此试件应使用与原始试验相 同的焊接参数进行焊接,并且仅对焊接金属冲击试样进行试验。
NOTE This provision does not apply to solid wire and rods with the same designation and nominal chemical compositions.

注此规定不适用于具有相同牌号和公称化学成分的实心(普通)焊缝和焊条。 8.4.6 Filler material size/填充金属的规格 It is permitted to change the size of filler material providing that the requirements of 8.4.8 are satisfied. 只要满足8.4.8的要求,填充金属规格允许改变 8.4.7 Type of current/电流的形式 The qualification is given for the type of current (alternating current (AC), direct current (DC), pulsed current) and polarity used in the welding procedure test. For process 111, alternating current also qualifies direct current (both polarities) when impact testing is not required. 对焊接工艺试验中使用的电流形式(交流电流(AC)、直流电流(DC),脉冲电流)和极性,应给予合格证 明,对焊接工艺111,当不要求冲击试验时,交流电流也可以直流电流(两极性)合格。

ISO 15614-1-2004

8.4.8 Heat Input/热输入 When impact requirements apply, the upper limit of heat input qualified is 25 % greater than that used in welding the test piece. /当采用冲击要求时,适合的热输入的上限比试件焊接时使用的热输入大25%。 When hardness requirements apply, the lower limit of heat input qualified is 25 % lower than that used in welding the test piece./ 当采用硬度要求时,适合的热输入的下限比试件焊接时使用的热输入低25%。 Heat input is calculated in accordance with EN 1011-1. /热输入按 EN 1011-1 的规定进行计算。 If welding procedure tests have been performed at both a high and a low heat input level, then all intermediate heat inputs are also qualified. 如果焊接工艺试验在高热输入值和低热输入值下进行,那么,中间的热输入也应合格。 8.4.9 Preheat temperature/预热温度 When preheating is required the lower limit of qualification is the nominal preheat temperature applied at the start of the welding procedure test. 需要预热温度时,合格鉴定的下限为焊接工艺试验开始时使用的标称预热温度。 8.4.10 Interpass temperature/层间温度 The upper limit of the qualification is the highest interpass temperature reached in the welding procedure test. 合格鉴定的上限为焊接工艺试验时达到的最高层间温度。 8.4.11 Post-heating for hydrogen release/为消氢的后热 The temperature and duration of post-heating for hydrogen release shall not be reduced. Post-heating shall not be omitted, but may be added. 消氢的后热的温度和时间不应降低和减少,焊后加热不应省略,而应增加。 8.4.12 Post-weld heat-treatment/焊后热处理 Addition or deletion of post-weld heat-treatment is not permitted./ 焊后热处理不允许增加或删除。 The temperature range validated is the holding temperature used in the welding procedure test ??20 ° C unless otherwise specified. Where required, heating rates, cooling rates and holding time shall be related to the product. 如果没有其它规定,有效的温度范围应为焊接工艺试验使用的保持温度±20℃,需要时,加热速度, 冷却速度 和保持时间应与产品有关。 8.4.13 Initial heat treatment/初始热处理 A change in the initial heat treatment condition prior to the welding of precipitation hardenable materials is not permitted. /沉淀硬化材料焊接前,初始热处理条件不允许改变。 8.5 Specific to processes/焊接工艺的特殊性 8.5.1 Process 12/焊接方法12 8.5.1.1 Each variant of process 12 (121 to 125) shall be qualified independently. 焊接方法12(121~125)的每个变化都应单独进行合格鉴定。 8.5.1.2 The qualification given for the flux is restricted to the make and designation used in the welding procedure test. /对焊剂给出的合格鉴定只局限于焊接工艺试验时使用的种类和名称牌号。 8.5.2 Processes 131, 135, 136 and 137/焊接方法131,135,136和137 8.5.2.1 The qualification given to the shielding gas is restricted to the symbol of the gas according to EN 439. However, the content of CO2 shall not exceed 10 % of that used to qualify the procedure test. Shielding gases not covered by EN 439 are restricted to the nominal composition used in the test. 对保护气体给出的合格鉴定只局限于按EN 439的保护气体的符号,但是,CO2的含量应不超过焊接工艺试验使 用的CO2含量的10%。EN 439未包括的保护气体只局限于焊接工艺试验使用的公称成分。 8.5.2.2 The qualification given is restricted to the wire system used in the welding procedure test (e.g. singlewire or multiple-wire system). 给出的合格鉴定仅局限于焊接工艺试验使用的焊接系统(例如单的系统或多的系统) 8.5.2.3 For solid and metal cored wires, the qualification using short circuiting transfer (dip) qualifies only short circuiting transfer (dip). Qualification using spray or globular transfer qualifies both spray and globular transfer. 对实心和金属空心焊丝,使用短路传送(dip)进行的合格鉴定仅使短路传送(dip)合格, 用喷涂或球状传送进行的合格鉴定使喷涂和球状传送合格。

ISO 15614-1-2004

8.5.3 Process 141/焊接工艺141 8.5.3.1 The qualification given to the shielding gas and backing gas is restricted to the symbol of the gas according to EN 439. Shielding gases not covered by EN 439 are restricted to the nominal composition used in the test. 对保护气体和背衬(背面保护气体)给出的合格EN 439未包括的保护气体局限于焊接工艺试验时使用的 8.5.3.2 A weld procedure test made without a backing gas qualifies a welding procedure with backing gas. 无背衬气体进行的焊接工艺试验使有背衬气体的 8.5.3.3 Welding with filler material does not qualify for welding without filler material or visa versa. 用焊料的焊接不能证明无焊料的焊接合格,反之 8.5.4 Process 15/焊接工艺15 8.5.4.1 Qualification of the welding procedure is restricted to the plasma gas composition used in the welding procedure test. 焊接工艺的合格鉴定局限于焊接工艺试验时使用 8.5.4.2 The qualification given to the shielding gas and backing gas is restricted to the symbol of the gas according to EN 439. Shielding gases not covered by EN 439 are restricted to the nominal composition qualified. 对保护气体和背衬气体给出的合格鉴定只局限于括的保护气体只局限于鉴定合格的公称成分。 8.5.4.3 Welding with filler material does not qualify for welding without filler material or visa versa. 用焊料的焊接不能证明无焊料的焊接合格,反之 8.5.5 Process 311/焊接方法311 Welding with filler material does not qualify for welding without filler material or visa versa. 有焊料的焊接不能证明无焊料的焊接合格,反之亦然

9 Welding procedure qualification record (WPQR) /焊接工艺评定记录(WPQR)
The welding procedure qualification record (WPQR) is a statement of the results of assessing each test piece including re-tests. The relevant items listed for the WPS in the relevant part of prEN ISO 15609 shall be included, together with details of any features that would be rejectable by the requirements of clause 7. If no rejectable features or unacceptable test results are found, a WPQR detailing the welding procedure test piece results is qualified and shall be signed and dated by the examiner or the examining body. 焊接工艺合格证明记录(WPQR)是评定每个试件包括重新试验结果的证明书,应包括prEN ISO 15609相关部 分内焊接工艺规范(WPS)列出的有关项目,以及按第7条要求可拒收的任何零件的详细情况,如果没有可拒 收的零件或不合格的试验结果,评述焊接工艺试验结果的焊接工艺合格证明记录( WPQR)通过合格鉴定并应 由检验员或检验团体签字和证明日期。 A WPQR format shall be used to record details for the welding procedure and the test results, in order to facilitate uniform presentation and assessment of the data. 应使用焊接工艺-合格证明记录(WPQR)单记录焊接工艺和试验结果的详细情况,以便简化数据的统一表示和 评定。 An example of WPQR format is shown in annex A. 焊接工艺合格证明记录(WPQR)单的示例在附录 A 内示出。

ISO 15614-1-2004

Annex A/附录A
(informative) /(资料性附录) Welding Procedure Qualification Record form (WPQR) 焊接工艺合格证明记录单(WPQR) Welding procedure qualification - Test certificate /焊接工艺鉴定-试验合格证书 Manufacturer’s WPQR No.: Examiner or examining body 制造厂的WPQR NO: 检验员或检验机构 Manufacturer : /制造厂: Reference No. :/ 参考号: Address :/ 地址: Code/Testing Standard :/规范/试验标准 Date of Welding :/ 焊接日期: Range of qualification/评定范围 Welding Process(es) : /焊接方法: Type of joint and weld:接头和焊缝的类型: Parent material group(s) and sub group(s): /母材组别和分组别: Parent Material Thickness (mm) :/ 母材厚度(mm): Weld Metal Thickness (mm) : /焊缝金属厚度(mm) Throat Thickness (mm) /焊缝厚度(mm) Single run/Multi run: /单道焊/多道焊 Outside Pipe Diameter (mm) : /管外径(mm) Filler Material Designation: 填充金属型号 Filler Material Make: 填充金属牌号 Filler Material Size:填充金属规格 Designation of Shielding Gas/Flux : 保护气体/焊剂的名称 Designation of Backing Gas: 背面保护气体的名称: Type of Welding Current and Polarity: 焊接电流的类型和极性: Mode of Metal Transfer: 金属过渡形式 Hea t Input:/热输入: Welding Positions :/焊接位置: Preheat Temperature:/预热温度: Interpass Temperature: /层间温度: Post-Heating : 后热 Post-Weld Heat-Treatment:/焊后热处理: Other Information (see also 8.5) : /其它信息(也见 8.5) : Certified that test welds prepared, welded and tested satisfactorily in accordance with the requirements of the code/testing standard indicated above. 证明试验已按上面所示的规范试验标准的要求满意地进行焊缝的准备,焊接和试验。 Location 地点 Date of issue 发证日期 Examiner or examining body 检验员或检验机构 Name, date and signature 姓名、日期、及签字

EN15614-1-2004

Record of weld test/焊接试验记录
Location : 地点: Examiner or examining body : 检验员或检验机构 Manufacturer’s pWPS No: /制造厂的(pWPS)No.: Method of Preparation and Cleaning : 准备和清洗方法: Manufacturer's WPQR No: 制造厂的(WPQR)No.:Parent Material Specification : 母材技术条件: Manufacturer : 制造厂: Material Thickness (mm) : 材料厚度(mm): Welder’s Name : 焊工姓名: Outside Pipe Diameter (mm) : 管外径(mm): Mode of Metal Transfer : 金属过渡形式: Welding Position : 焊接位置: Joint Type and Weld: 接头和焊缝的类型: Weld Preparation Details (Sketch)* : 焊接准备细节(草图)*: Joint Design 接头设计 Welding Sequences 焊接顺序

Welding Details/焊接细节 Run 焊道 Welding Process 焊接方法 Size of Filler Material 焊材规格 Current 电流 A Voltage 电压 V Type of current / Polarity 电流类型/极性
Wire Feed Speed

Trave Speed 焊速*

Heat input* 热输入

Metal transfer
过渡形式

丝速

Filler Material Designation and Make :
焊接名称和型号:

Other information* e.g.:
其它信息*例如:

Any Special Baking or Drying :
专用烘干或干燥:

Weaving (maximum width of run) :
横向摆动(焊缝的最大宽度):

Gas/Flux : shielding backing :
气体/焊剂:保护: 背衬:

Oscillation : amplitude, frequency, dwell time Pulse welding details :
振荡:振幅、频率、停留时间 脉冲焊接细节

Gas Flow Rate – Shielding : Backing : 气体流量—保护气 背面气 Tungsten Electrode Type/Size :
钨极焊条的型号/尺寸: Details of Back Gouging/Backing : /背刨/背衬的细节: Preheat Temperature :/ 预热温度: Interpass Temperature :/ 层间温度: Post-Heating : /后热: Post-Weld Heat Treatment : /焊后热处理: (Time, Temperature, Method :Heating and Cooling Rates*) : (时间、温度、方法、加热和冷却速度*)

Distance contact tube/ workpiece: Plasma welding details :
导电嘴与工件的距离: 等离子焊接细节:

Torch angle :
焊炬角:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Manufacturer/制造厂 Examiner or examining body/检验员或检验团体 Name, date and signature/名称、日期及签字 Name, date and signature/姓名、日期、及签字 * If required/*如/需要

EN15614-1-2004
Test results/试验结果 Manufacturer’s WPQR No: /制造厂(WPQR)No.: Visual:/ 外观: Penetrant/Magnetic Particle*/渗透/磁粉探伤* Examiner or examining body/检验员或检验机构 Reference No. /参考号: Radiography* : /X射线探伤*: Ultrasonic* : /超声波探伤*: Temperature :/ 温度: Tensile Tests/拉伸试验 Type/No. 型号 Requirement/要求 Re N/mm
2

Rm N/mm
2

A% on

Z%

Fracture Location 断裂位置

Remarks 备注

Bend Tests/弯曲试验 Type/No. 型号

Former Diameter :/弯轴直径: Bend Angle 弯角 Elongation* 伸长* Results 结果

Impact Test* 冲击试验

Type : 类型:

Size : 规格: Temp. ° C 温度

Requirement : 要求: Values/冲击值 1 2 3 Average *均值 Remarks 备注

Notch Location/Direction 缺口位置/方向

Hardness Test* (Type/Load) 硬度试验*(型式/载荷) Parent Metal : /母材: HAZ : /热影响区(HAZ): Weld metal :/ 焊缝金属:

Location of Measurements (Sketch*) 测定位置(草图)*

Other Tests :/ 其它试验: Remarks :/ 备注: Tests Carried out in accordance with the requirements of : 试验,按?的要求进行: Laboratory Report Reference No. :实验报告号: Test results were acceptable/not acceptable/ 试验结果合格/不合格 (Delete as appropriate) /(删去相应的) Test carried out in the presence of : 试验,在?在场的情况下进行: * If required/*如/需要 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Examiner or examining body/检验员或检验团体 Name, date and signature/名称、日期及签字

EN15614-1-2004

Annex ZA (normative) /附录ZA(规范性附录) Corresponding International and European Standards for which equivalents are not given in the text
标准正文内未给出的相应等效的国际标准和欧洲标准
At the time of publication of this part of ISO 15614, the editions of the following documents were valid. Members of ISO and IEC maintain registers of currently valid International Standards. 本标准ISO 15614-1出版时,下列文件的版本有效。ISO和IEC的成员保留现行国际标准的注册。 EN 439 EN 571-1 EN 875 ISO 14175, ISO 3452-1 ISO 9016, Welding consumables — Shielding gases for arc welding and cutting. 焊接材料—电弧焊和切割的保护气体 Non-destructive testing – Penetrant testing – Part 1: General principles 非破坏性试验-渗透试验-第1部分:一般原理 Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials —Impact tests — Test specimen location, notch orientation and examination. 金属材料焊接的破坏性试验-冲击试验-试验位置,缺口方位和检查 EN 895 EN 910 EN 970 EN 1043-1 ISO 4136, ISO 5173, ISO 17637, ISO 9015-1, Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials —Transverse tensile test. 金属材料焊缝的破坏试验-横向拉伸试验 Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials — Bend tests. 金属材料焊缝的破坏性试验-弯曲试验 Non destructive testing of welds — Visual testing of fusion-welded joints 焊缝的非破坏性试验-熔化焊接的外观检查 Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials -Hardness testing — Part 1: Hardness test on arc welded joints. 金属材料焊接的破坏性试验-硬度试验-第1部分:电弧焊缝的硬度试验 EN 1290 EN 1321 ISO 17638, ISO 17639, Non destructive testing of welds — Magnetic particle testing. 焊缝的非破坏性试验-磁力探伤试验。 Destructive tests on welds in metallic materials -Macroscopic and microscopic examination of welds. 金属材料的破坏性试验-焊缝的宏观和微观检查 EN 1418 ISO 14732, Welding personnel. Approval testing of welding operators for fusion welding and of resistance weld setters for fully mechanized and automatic welding of metallic materials. 焊接人员, 熔化焊的焊接操作者和金属材料全机械化和目的焊接的电阻焊调整工的 验收考核试验。 EN 1435 ISO 17636, Non destructive testing of welds — Radiographic examination of fusion-welded joints. 焊缝的非破坏性试验-熔化焊缝的X射线探伤检查 EN 1714 EN 12062 ISO 17640 ISO 17635, Non destructive examination of welds — Ultrasonic examination of welded joints. 焊缝的非破坏性试验-焊缝的超声波探伤检查 Non-destructive testing of welds - General rules for fusion welds in metallic materials. 焊缝的非破坏性试验-金属材料熔化焊接的一般原则 EN 25817 ISO 5817, Arc-welded joints in steel — Guidance on quality levels for imperfections. 钢的电弧焊接-缺陷的质量水*指南。




友情链接: